Kathmandu Heritage tour is a one of kind travel excursion taking the travelers to the most antique and appreciated location of Kathmandu valley that has been protected by UNESCO for its antiqueness, importance and elegance declaring as the world heritage sites. There are seven places selected from all the antique establishments from Kathmandu which are 16th century to 250 BC old. The Kathmandu Heritage tour can be shortened to one day tour or maximized to three days tour depending upon the stay of the tourist. The Kathmandu Heritage tour takes place in the capital city Nepal called Kathmandu which was a single kingdom of last Malla king Yakshya Malla that was divided in three cities by three songs of Yakshya Malla in to Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur. The Malla Kings came to an end by losing the war to Shah King Prithivi Narayan Shah who again unified these three cities to one city and announcing Kathmandu valley as the capital city of Nepal.
The seven acclaimed UNESCO world heritage sites are collectively known as Kathmandu Heritage tour which are listed below and described briefly in following paragraphs.
Swayambhunath Stupa lies on highest peak of the capital city towards western side from the center of Kathmandu which is along an antique sanctuary of 250 BC devoted to Buddhist Religion. This stupa carries the history of 250BC of ancient Nepal and has been living in Nepal since the early ages when Kathmandu valley was said to be under a Lake. This stupa is the holy shrine for Buddhist around the world which has four eyes engraved on it denoting the eyes of Buddha.
Boudhanath Stupa is one of the oldest Buddhist pilgrimage center for Buddhist all around world especially the Tibetan Buddhist people and sometimes called as little Tibet of Kathmandu. The stupa of boudhanath is one of the largest stupa of Nepal and south asia which have four eyes embossed on it representing the Buddha covered with prayer wheels and 108 miniature Buddha statues around it. The Boudhanath Stupa is 10 km far from the center of Kathmandu city towards the northeastern borders.
Pashupatinath Sanctuary is the oldest hindu shrine said to be 401 AD old which as a golden temple of Lord Shiva based on banks of holy Bagmati River. This sanctuary is one of the holiest hindu shrine and is one of the most visited Shiva Sanctuary for homage and pilgrimage by Hindus around the world. This antique sanctuary is located 5 kilometers far from the center of Kathmandu towards the eastern side. This is a giant temple designed in three storey pagoda style made from gold plated metal with four silver doors incorporated of antique statue of Lord Shiva of 250 BC. This temple was said to be made from gold which was destroyed in earthquake and later renovated in 16th century. This shrine is full of crowd of hindus around the world during February-March on a festival called Shivaratri.
Changunarayan Sanctuary is the antique temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu of hindu religion established in 320 AD. The temple is the symbol of ancient Nepal art, culture and traditional city located at the highest peak on the borders of Kathmandu city. This sanctuary represents a proud ancient city of Nepal with is alive demonstration of establishments of 320 AD period. The Changunarayan Sanctuary is residing 12 kilometers far from the center of the city on the eastern side.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is generally marked as the heart of Kathmandu city assorted with wonderful 16th century establishments of wood, stone and metal in the form of royal residence, statues, junctions, sanctuaries and various forms of craftsmanship. This antique courtyard is also called Basantapur Palace or Hanumandhoka Palace in locale language accompanied by antique 14th century Taleju Temple brought from India and Kumari Ghar which is the home of living goddess of Nepal named as Kumari. This traditional courtyard is the center of social, religious, festivals, economic center of old and today’s Nepal. The Kathmandu Durbar Square has some important museums of the country which hold the antique national artifacts and evidences of history confirming facts of the past.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square is the nearest adjoining antique royal courtyard in the south-central part of Kathmandu Valley towards the south side of bagmati rivers separating from Kathmandu. The purpose of courtyard is to be the center of art, social, religious, festivals and ecumenical activities of the city. This courtyard has the antique royal residence, junctions, and sanctuaries of 16th century Nepal along with crafted metal, stone and wood artifacts.
The courtyard too has a museum holding the 16th century artifacts and remains which gives proof of existence of ancient Nepal. Beside the pagoda style royal residences, sanctuaries, junctions this place is accompanied by a ancient temple of Krishna, Buddhist monastery named as Iba Bahi, courtyard named Dalan, 12th Buddhist sanctuary called as golden temple, Maha bouddha, Oku Bahal, Swotha Square, Nagbaha, Nakabahi, Nyakha Chuka, Chyasa and others which are full of antique hindu-buddhist establishments and monuments.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
The Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the royal palace courtyard located in the ancient city of Bhaktapur residing 13 kilometer away on the eastern side of Kathmandu city. The city of Bhaktapur also called as Bhadgaon and Khowpa is the farthest city from Kathmandu. The Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a ancient courtyard in front of royal residence incorporated of four courtyards named as Taumadhi courtyard, Dattaterya courtyard, Pottery courtyard and Durbar courtyard. This fascinating ancient courtyard is incorporated of beautiful and antique artifacts like palace of 55 windows of 1754 AD, national art gallery, Nyatapol temple, Dattatreya temple, national woodworking museum, brass and bronze museum, siddha pokhari along with various sanctuaries of pagoda style crafted from wood, metal and stone.
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